The stony ground in Kaliro in the East of Uganda is not suitable for intensive agriculture but is home to a wide variety of plants as well as woodland. The villages benefiting from this project are Gadumire, Namugongo and Nawaikoke. Local people are being trained in growing trees, identifying and treating tree diseases and preparing soils. In addition, they learn how to maintain energy-efficient stoves that use less firewood and can be produced by local artisans.
More than 260 people from local communities (at least 40% of whom are women) have benefited from training in tree cultivation. In addition, 10 people have been trained in the production of energy-efficient stoves which need less firewood. The sale of seedlings and additional products has created new sources of income. Other members of the families of the farmers involved have benefited indirectly. Finally and importantly, the reforestation will benefit nature and the environment and this in turn will benefit the entire population of Kaliro of more than 150,000.
- Contribute to regional reforestation by setting up farmer groups who will be responsible for the development of four tree nurseries
- Train farmers in selecting the right locations for trees, preparing the soil, caring for the trees and how the high-yielding trees can be used to improve living standards
- Investigate and analyse suitable market outlets for tree products in the region
- Introduce energy-efficient stoves in 200 households in order to reduce the need for firewood
In 2015, a new group was set up to complement the three existing farmer groups; this has increased the number of local tree nurseries to four. A total of 40,616 seedlings have been produced in the tree nurseries, of which 14,434 have been successfully planted out by farmers. A total of 313 local people, including 121 women, have attended 11 training sessions at the tree nurseries on the following subjects: selling seedlings, managing living costs, seed management and establishing new tree nurseries. In addition, 380 people visited the tree nurseries.
Two artisans in the region have been trained in the production, repair and maintenance of energy-efficient stoves. To date, they have produced 97 stoves and 41 of these are already being used by beneficiaries. The remaining stoves will be distributed as soon as the recipients have been trained.
The persistent drought is a major problem, particularly for the more vulnerable seedlings. In addition, problems are caused by animals that trample over the seedlings or eat the leaves of plants and trees. Similarly, the young plants are susceptible to disease and this represents an ongoing risk.
In order to resolve these problems, more attention will be given to ensuring adequate access to water. The vulnerable seedlings will also be better protected. As damage to seedlings, plants and trees is primarily caused by domestic animals, simple solutions, e.g. fencing will be enough to deal with this problem.