Reforestation in Kaliro

Sustainable livelihood through reforestation and agroecology in Uganda


-> Current project story: Richard - driver and secret tree planter.  

The stony ground in Kaliro in the East of Uganda is not suitable for intensive agriculture but is home to a wide variety of plants as well as woodland. The villages benefiting from this project are Gadumire, Namugongo and Nawaikoke. Local people are being trained in growing trees, identifying and treating tree diseases and preparing soils. In addition, they learn how to maintain energy-efficient stoves that use less firewood and can be produced by local artisans.

Wood is important as both timber and firewood and so the forests in Kaliro are under increasing pressure.


The climate in Kaliro District is both hot and dry and this combined with poor soils and continuing erosion makes it one of the poorest regions in the country. Some 40% of the people in Kaliro live below the poverty line. The reforestation project is creating new income opportunities for local people and improving the supply of food and timber for construction and fuel.


Nearly 400 members of the community (at least 40% of whom are women) are benefiting from training in tree cultivation. The sale of seedlings and additional products has created new sources of income. In addition, 500 family members of farmers involved in the project are benefiting indirectly. Last but not least, the increase in tree planting will benefit nature and the environment and this in turn will benefit the entire population of Kaliro District of more than 150,000.

The use of energy-efficient stoves helps minimise the problem of forest clearance.
Huge trees are disappearing because the people – who live in poverty – sell wood in order to survive.

Objectives of current project phase

  • Plant trees in the region by setting up farmer groups who will be responsible for the development of four tree nurseries.  
  • Train farmers in selecting the right locations for trees, preparing the soil, caring for the trees and how the high-yielding trees can be used to improve living standards.  
  • Analyse the results of a study into suitable market outlets for tree products in the region. 


In 2016, a new group was successfully set up to complement the existing four farmer groups, increasing the number of tree nurseries to five. The tree nurseries have produced 95,924 seedlings; of which 13,418 were successfully planted out last year by farmers. 373 beneficiaries – of whom 171 are women – benefited from 16 training sessions at the tree nurseries. The training covered the following issues: the marketing of seedlings, budgeting and operational planning, seed management and setting up new tree nurseries. The tree nurseries also welcomed 920 visitors.