The transformation of rural areas in East Africa is crucial
The majority of poor and malnourished people live in rural areas and so the success of Agenda 2030 depends largely on exploiting their huge potential. A major aim is to offer young people in rural areas the prospect of work and food security locally and so slow down urbanisation.
A serious danger, particularly in an era of population growth and especially in sub-Saharan Africa is that young people migrate to the large cities where they end up living in slums. However, towns and cities also offer a great opportunity.
Food from rural to urban areas
Urban food consumption continues to grow. The value of urban food markets in sub-Saharan Africa in projected to grow from US$150 billion in 2010 to US$500 billion in 2030. However, it is important that food production is not concentrated in the hands of a few large commercial companies. To avoid this, action is required in rural areas at three levels.
- Policy measures and investment: access to inputs, sustainable technologies, credit and markets, more secure land tenure rights, stronger small-scale producer organisations.
- Develop infrastructure: roads, power supply networks, storage, refrigerated transport
- Links to urban centres: schools, access to medical care, shopping facilities
These measures, although designed to restructure life in rural areas are no guarantee that young people will stay there. They will, however, give them a real chance of a job, food and healthcare locally. As a result, it may encourage them to think again before actually venturing into the city.
Biovision helps people in rural areas to earn money and produce their own food. By supporting our autumn campaign “4 wins”, you are making a contribution to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. Many thanks!